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Free automation testing tools for Web applications

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Free automation testing tools for Web applications

This article includes the best 5 free automation testing tools for testers to consider in web applications testing. Automation testing tools play an important role in test automation landscape.  It is critical for organizations to select the most approriate automated testing tool as the tool is significant in speeding up decision making of the teams. The World Quality Report 2017 - 2018 from Capgemini, Sogeti, and Marco Focus has emphasized the significance of intelligent automation and smart analytics to help organizations get over the challenges of automation testing that are highly integrated and continuously changing.

1. Selenium

 Selenium is considered the most well-known open-source test automation framework for Web app testing. Selenium support various system environments such as Mac, Windows, and Linux. It also works well on many browsers like Chrome, Firefox, IE, and Headless browsers. Selenium's scripting languages include: Java, Groovy, Python, C#, PHP, Ruby, and Perl. Although Selenium provides the flexibility for testers and help them generate quite advanced test scripts, it requires testers to have very good programming skills and lots of effort in order to build automation frameworks and libraries for different testing needs. Selenium is also the core framework for many open-source test automation tools like Katalon Studio, Watir, Protractor, and Robot Framework. Website:

2. Katalon Studio

 Katalon Studio is a simple and powerful test automation tool for Web, mobile, and API testing, built on top of Selenium and Appium.  Katalon Studio is suitable for different testing skill levels: Users with limited programming skills can easily start their automation testing project by using Object Spy to record test scripts; Users who are programmers or automation testing experts can build their new libraries and maintaining the scripts to save their time and efforts. This tool is integrated into CI/CD processes and also works well with many common tools in QA process, for ex: JIRA, qTest, GIT, Jenskin, and Slack. Recently, Katalon Studio offers Katalon Analytics that helps users get the complete views of test execution reports with metrics, graphs, and charts via its dashboard. Website:

3. Watir

Watir is an open-source testing tool for web automated testing based on Ruby libraries. It works on various browser testing such as: Firefox, IE, Opera, and Headless browser. Watir also support data-driven testing and has the integration with BDD tools like Cucumber, RSpec, and Test/Unit. Website:

4. Robot framework

Robot framework is an open-source automation framework for different test automation needs. It implements the keyword-driven approach for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development. Its capacity of testing can be extended by adding additional test libraries with Java and Python. Test engineers can utilize Robot Framework for both web testing and mobile testing. This framework is easy to learn for those who get acquainted with keyword-driven testing. Website:

5. Locust

Locust is a web-based test automation tool for website load testing. It lets the team know how many users the website can handle at a time. Locust uses "swarm" to attack target website and is defined by users in real-time. The tool supports Python language in writing test scenarios, scalable and distributable to multiple machines. Locust is lightweight due to the design, each Locust swarm run inside its own process. Website: Original source: [](http://)

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Alisha Henderson
Alisha Henderson's picture
Following the latest post on

Following the latest post on Medium here is the list for Best Automation Testing Tools for 2018

 1. Selenium

Selenium is possibly the most popular open-source test automation framework for Web applications. Being originated in the 2000s and evolved over a decade, Selenium has been an automation framework of choice for Web automation testers, especially for those who possess advanced programming and scripting skills. Selenium has become a core framework for other open-source test automation tools such as Katalon Studio, Watir, Protractor, and Robot Framework.

2. Katalon Studio

Katalon Studio is a powerful test automation solution for web application, mobile, and web services. Being built on top of the Selenium and Appium frameworks, Katalon Studio takes advantage of these solutions for integrated software automation.

The tool supports different levels of testing skill set. Non-programmers can find it easy to start an automation testing project (like using Object Spy to record test scripts) while programmers and advanced automation testers can save time from building new libraries and maintaining their scripts.

3. UFT

Unified Functional Testing (UFT) is a well-known commercial testing tool for functional testing. It provides a comprehensive feature set for API, web services, and GUI testing of desktop, web, and mobile applications across platforms. The tool has advanced image-based object recognition feature, reusable test components, and automated documentation.

4. Watir

Watir is an open-source testing tool for web automation testing based on Ruby libraries. Watir supports cross browser testing including Firefox, Opera, headless browser, and IE. It also supports data-driven testing and integrates with BBD tools like RSpec, Cucumber, and Test/Unit.

5. IBM Rational Functional Tester

IBM RFT is a data-driven testing platform for functional and regression testing. It supports a wide range of application such as .Net, Java, SAP, Flex, and Ajax. RFT uses Visual Basic .Net and Java as scripting languages. RFT has a unique feature called Storyboard testing in which users' actions on AUT are recorded and visualized in a storyboard format through application screenshots.

6. TestComplete

TestComplete by SmartBear is a powerful commercial testing tool for web, mobile, and desktop testing. TestComplete supports various scripting languages such as JavaScript, VBScript, Python, and C++Script. Like Katalon Studio, testers can perform keyword-driven and data-driven testing with TestComplete. The tool also offers an easy-to-use record and playback feature.

7. TestPlant eggPlant

An image-based automated functional testing tool that enables testers to interact with AUT the same way end users do. TestPlant eggPlant is completely different from traditional testing tools in its approach: modeling user's point of view rather instead of the test scripts view often seen by testers. This allows testers with less programming skills to learn and apply test automation intuitively. The tool supports various platforms like Web, mobile, and POS systems. It offers lab management and CI integration as well.

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